Among the most draining conditions that affect adults with anxiety disorders is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder -- PTSD. This condition commonly follows somebody who comes through a physical or emotional event that was terrifying to him or her.
Brought to a head by our ex-servicemen, it was often known as “combat fatigue” or “shell shock”.
What are Common Causes of PTSD
It has been found to happen in both men and women who have had serious car accidents, survived a natural tragedy, bombings, a plane crash, or violent personal attacks.
Abuse in childhood can also cause PTSD.
How severe the disorder will be is dictated by the duration and severity of the event that caused it.
PTSD can be triggered off by an event that happened in the individual’s life, in the life of somebody close to him or her, or something they witnessed.
Many citizens of New York City have been treated for post-traumatic stress disorder after the events of 9/11.
PTSD has also appeared in those who have been affected by devastating hurricanes and other severe weather events.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of PTSD
People who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD will have extreme emotional, psychological, and physical distress whenever they are placed in a situation that reminds them of the event.
Some may relive the situation repeatedly in the form of nightmares, or “flashbacks” during the day. Additional symptoms might include sleep problems, being easily startled, and have problems showing love and affection.
Depression, a continuous nervy feeling, or a feeling of being numb or detached from your surroundings are also signs of PTSD.
Sufferers of this disorder also stay away from places or situations that bring back bad memories and are sometimes more aggressive, irritable, or even violent.
These symptoms can also be found in other anxiety disorders so it is important to talk to your physician for a diagnosis.
PTSD will only be diagnosed if the symptoms have lasted longer than a month.
It generally begins approximately three months after the event occurs, but has been known to happen years after a traumatic event.
Some will not be able to recall the event unless they are in therapy. Many block out events until something later brings the memories to the surface.
This disorder can happen at any age, including childhood. Depression, drug abuse, and anxiety are signs of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Some may recover in six months, while for others, it may be a much longer period.
What is the Treatment for PTSD
Treatments will vary from person to person according to their medical history, overall physical health and age.
The extent of how the disorder has progressed is something else to consider.
Your doctor should also understand your tolerance for specific medications and your preferences.
Somebody with post-traumatic stress disorder is also vulnerable to other anxiety disorders such as substance abuse and depression.
Treatment is vital and can include medication, therapy, relaxation techniques, and biofeedback. Antidepressant drugs or medications for anxiety and psychological treatment may both be used to fight this disorder.
In this era, mental disorders do not carry the stigma they did in previous generations. It is common now for people to admit to taking antidepressant drugs or having therapy.
If you or somebody you love is showing any of the symptoms of PTSD, try to get them to a medical professional. This disorder can lead to severe drug or alcohol abuse, depression, and even suicide.
Emotional support from family and friends can help those who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.
Treatment is available to all that need it. If you can not afford to get the proper therapy or medication, contact your local mental health agency. State funded programs are available for those who qualify as low-income and do not have a large income.
If somebody you love suddenly becomes more irritable, has violent outbursts or has trouble with socializing, and working, find them some help.
If they are having flashbacks when they hear different sounds, smell certain odours or have feelings that the event may happen again, they need help to work through the event and get better.
Medication can help but finding the underlying cause of the trauma may be the most helpful in handling post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD.