Hemorrhoids – What are Hemroids

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are a common problem that affects millions of folks, being very widespread in those over the age of fifty. They are a swelling of the veins in the lower colon and back passage caused by excess pressure  as a result of constipation, heavy lifting or sitting for extended periods.

Hemorrhoids are one of the most common anorectal disorders and are one of the most common sources of bleeding from the back passage. They are a vascular condition, much the same as varicose veins in the legs.

Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

Hemorrhoids are a common complaint amongst pregnant women. A mix of hormonal changes coupled with the pressure of the fetus in the abdomen, results in the hemorrhoidal vessels enlarging.

Hemroids are not life threatening, but since they rarely go away by themselves, it pays to treat them immediately to relieve any pain and discomfort they will likely cause.

There are effectively two types, which are either inside, called internal hemroids or under the skin around the back passage, referred to as external hemroids.

Internal Hemorrhoids Symptoms

Internal hemorrhoids involve the veins inside your back passage and because there are no external symptoms, they are more difficult to identify. Although they do not cause any pain, they can bleed, especially during a bowel movement.

Internal hemorrhoids  can be treated in a variety of ways including a chemical injection to shrink them or freezing them with liquid nitrogen, called cryosurgery. Other treatment methods include infra red light, laser or electrical current to destroy them.

External Hemroids Symptoms

A painful swelling or a hard lump close to the opening of the back passage characterizes external hemorrhoids. As well as being painful and itchy, especially during bowel movements, they can also be very tender. Bleeding is usually not as brisk as with internal hemorrhoids.

In some cases, hemorrhoid symptoms may reveal themselves as blood clots forming in the hemorrhoidal tissue. This condition is known as thrombosed external hemorrhoids and requires treatment by surgery. External hemorrhoids are more common in younger and middle aged adults than in older adults.

Page Updated: January 22, 2017
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