Esophageal Cancer and Acid Reflux GERD
Acid reflux or Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is caused by stomach acid rising back up into the
esophagus, which is the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach. The gastric acid is able to escape when the
one way valve between the stomach and esophagus, called the lower esophageal sphincter, becomes weak and stops
working properly. The acids then rise up into the throat causing the burning sensation that sufferers often refer
to as heartburn. Left untreated or uncontrolled, acid reflux can lead to a condition called Barrett's esophagus and
even Esophageal cancer.
Barrett’s esophagus is a condition, which develops in folks with chronic heartburn acid reflux disease or GERD. It causes the
cells that normally line the esophagus to be replaced by a different type of cell, similar to those typically
found in the intestines, a process called intestinal metaplasia. Barrett’s esophagus is a pre malignant
condition that develops in up to twenty percent of patients with chronic GERD and is more prevalent in men than
Esophageal cancer on the other hand is much more serious and often goes undetected because the tumors do not
exhibit or produce any symptoms until they have spread beyond the esophagus. Difficulty in swallowing can be the
first indication that something is wrong. Esophageal cancer most often occurs in men over fifty years old and
affects less than one on twenty thousand people.
Although acid reflux GERD is not the only cause of Esophageal cancer, it should nevertheless not be
underestimated. Not only is it painful when gastric acid backs up into the throat, but it can also cause erosive
esophagitis. The lining of your stomach is designed to handle the gastric acid but your esophagus is made of a much
softer tissue that is easily damaged when some of the stomach contents leak back out.
While it is not uncommon to have a heart pang here or a burp there, chronic gastroesophageal
reflux disorder is a serious condition that can cause the abnormal condition known as Barrett's Esophagus as
well as esophageal cancer. It is therefore important to have yourself medically checked out, especially if you
have suffered from acid reflux for any length of time.